Jobs in skill shortage
Skill shortages happen when employers find it hard to get staff with the right skills for the job. Knowing which jobs are in skill shortage can help you choose the best job option or decide what subjects to study.
Reasons for skill shortages
Skill shortages can happen because:
- there aren't enough workers with the right skills available
- turnover is high because workers are unhappy with pay or working conditions
- there is a general labour shortage, such as during low unemployment.
Skill shortages can change due to:
- changes in technology or the economy
- skilled workers moving to another country
- an ageing workforce.
Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage lists
When jobs appear on Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage lists, this means the Government is actively encouraging skilled workers from overseas to work in that role in New Zealand.
Find out what jobs are currently on Immigration New Zealand's long term, immediate, and construction and infrastructure skill shortage lists, within the following industries.
Jobs in Engineering
Automotive electricians install, maintain and repair electrical wiring, parts and electrical and electronic systems in vehicles.
Automotive refinishers prepare vehicle surfaces, match and mix colours, and apply paint to vehicles.
Automotive technicians service and repair vehicles and their parts and systems.
Collision repair technicians repair and replace damaged body parts of cars and other vehicles.
Chemical engineers design, develop and operate the processes and equipment used to change raw materials into useful products. They may work in a range of areas including environmental engineering, biochemical engineering, food engineering or waste engineering.
Civil engineers design, plan, organise and oversee the building of structures such as dams, bridges, gas and water supply systems, sewerage systems and roads.
Civil engineering technicians/draughtspeople plan and draw the technical details for building and repairing roads, bridges, buildings and other structures.
Electrical engineering technicians interpret designs and technical instructions from an electrical engineer and ensure that they are accurately implemented. They also develop, install, test and maintain equipment that produces, transmits or uses power.
Electrical engineers specify, design and supervise the construction or manufacture of systems and equipment that produce, distribute and/or use electricity. They also maintain, operate and manage these systems and equipment.
Electronics engineers design and oversee production of electronic equipment such as radios, televisions, computers, washing machines and telecommunication systems. They may also work in sales and technical support.
Environmental engineers assess the impact of engineering projects on water, soil, air and noise levels, and advise and design ways to minimise this impact. They also plan and design systems to treat and remove waste, such as waste water systems.
Mechanical engineers design and give advice on the building and repair of machines and tools. They also investigate problems and faults with machinery, and study ways to improve manufacturing and energy production.
Mechanical engineering technicians assist with the design, building and maintenance of machines, such as air-conditioning systems, heating and ventilation units and power plants. They also develop manufacturing quality control systems by studying and improving the mechanical processes and machinery on production lines.
Electronics trades workers assemble, install, test, operate and service electronic parts and equipment.
Engineering machinists use machines to cut and shape precision parts and equipment. They create, install, maintain and repair metal products, including machinery and equipment in factories.
Fabrication engineers make, install and repair metal products such as vents, handrails, boilers, aircraft and boat parts, or beams and girders for construction projects.
Refrigeration/air-conditioning technicians install, service and maintain refrigeration and air-conditioning systems.
Welders make, join and repair metal parts for machinery and equipment using welding techniques.