Metal workers make patterns and moulds for metal castings, heat and hammer metal into shape, and repair metal parts and equipment.
Metal workers usually earn
$20-$29 per hour
Source: Competenz, 2017
Pay for metal workers varies depending on experience, specialisation and employer.
- Apprentices usually start on the training or adult minimum wage, with pay increasing as they pick up skills or complete unit standards.
- Qualified or experienced metal workers usually earn between $22 and $29 an hour. Overtime payments may increase their earnings.
Source: Competenz, 2017.
- PAYE.net.nz website – use this calculator to convert pay and salary information
- Employment New Zealand website - information about minimum wage rates
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)
What you will do
Metal workers may do some or all of the following:
- read, interpret and create design drawings
- build plugs (plastic replicas), and then produce patterns from materials such as wood, fibreglass and metal
- make moulds
- use new technology such as 3D printing and CNC pattern making
- heat and melt metal and pour it into moulds or hammer and cut it to shape
- remove castings from moulds when they have cooled
- inspect, test and repair metal castings
- temper, harden, polish and coat the final metal product.
Skills and knowledge
Metal workers need to have knowledge of:
- metals, woods, clays, plastics and resins
- technical plans and drawings
- sands, paints and coatings used in moulding
- the use and care of metal working equipment.
- usually work regular business hours, but may be required to work overtime to meet deadlines
- work in industrial workshops, or ferrous (iron) or non-ferrous (aluminium and brass) foundries
- often work in hot, noisy and dusty conditions.
What's the job really like?
Des Hansen began his career as a truck driver, but embarked on a metal working apprenticeship after deciding he needed a change.
Now 20 years into his career, Des works as a moulding supervisor at a foundry in the South Island. He and his team cast a variety of products such as engine blocks, alloys, irrigation fittings for underground water mains and compressor components.
"We mainly use steel, cast iron, ductile iron and aluminium here. The most we can cast is about one tonne, but you need some pretty substantial sand moulds to hold that. The chemically bonded sands are pretty durable though - when they set they're just like concrete."
All the hard work's worth it
Des admits that he works in some pretty tough conditions. "It's a heavy job and you definitely have to be energetic. Having strength and stamina is really important."
But he's quick to point out that the job has its up-sides too.
"It's pretty hard to describe a typical day here because it varies all the time, and every day presents a new challenge. It's just brilliant.
"The best thing is seeing a big, tricky casting going out the door and knowing you've accomplished something."
To become a metal worker you need to complete an apprenticeship and gain a New Zealand Certificate in Mechanical Engineering (Trade) (Level 4) with Metal Forming strand.
A minimum of three years of secondary education is recommended. Useful subjects include maths, English, science, construction and mechanical technologies, processing technologies, design and visual communication, physics, chemistry, or Level 1 and Level 2 engineering unit standards.
Additional requirements for specialist roles:
To become a farrier you need to do an apprenticeship and gain a Certificate in Farriery Practice from the New Zealand Farriers Association.
Metal workers need to be:
- accurate and patient
- good at making calculations
- well organised
- safety-conscious, and able to follow instructions
- able to work well independently and as part of a team.
Useful experience for metal workers includes:
- foundry work
- work experience in an industrial workshop
- work with plastics, wood and metals.
Metal workers need to have good eyesight (with or without corrective lenses). They also need to be reasonably fit, strong and healthy.
Find out more about training
- 0800 526 1800 - email@example.com - www.competenz.org.nz
What are the chances of getting a job?
Decline in metal manufacturing limits opportunities
Chances of getting entry-level work as a metal worker are poor because:
- some metal working companies have reduced staff and outsourced work to countries where production costs are lower
- metals and metal products exports have flattened off due to increased international competition
Increase your chances of getting an apprenticeship
Although there are fewer entry-level positions available, a small number of apprentices are still taken on each year.
You can increase your chances of getting an apprenticeship by:
- having some mechanical engineering or labouring experience
- showing an interest and approaching employers directly.
Demand good for experienced metal casting workers
However, demand for experienced metal casting workers is good. This is because:
- many metal casting workers are nearing retirement, and experienced metal casting workers are needed to replace them
- many employers can't afford to train new staff - so when vacancies arise, they're likely to look for staff who require the least training
- the construction sector boom, especially in Auckland and Christchurch, may stimulate demand for experienced metal workers.
As a result, metal casting trades worker appears on Immigration New Zealand's regional skill shortage list. This means the Government is actively encouraging skilled metal workers from overseas to work in New Zealand.
According to the Census, 171 metal workers worked in New Zealand in 2018.
Employers varied for metal workers
Employers of metal workers include:
- specialist tool making and machining companies
- industrial machinery and equipment manufacturers
- domestic appliance manufacturers
- metal extrusion companies
- metal forging companies
- manufacturers of other metal products.
- Ferguson, P, mechanical engineering product development, Competenz, Careers Directorate - Tertiary Education Commission interview, August 2017.
- Immigration New Zealand, 'Regional Skill Shortage List', 27 May 2019, (www.immigration.govt.nz).
- Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, 'The New Zealand Sectors Report 2014', (www.mbie.govt.nz).
- Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.
- Stuff website, 'A hundred jobs lost as Thames A&G Price goes into liquidation', July 26, 2017. (www.stuff.co.nz).
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)
Progression and specialisations
Metal workers may progress into supervisory or sales roles, or start their own foundries.
They usually specialise in an area such as:
- Blacksmiths shape metal by heating and hammering it. They produce or repair metal articles.
- Electroplaters coat metal articles, and coat articles made of other materials with a film of metal.
- Farriers inspect, trim and shape the hooves of horses, as well as making and fitting horseshoes.
- Metal Casting Worker
- Metal casting workers produce original patterns and moulds that are used to make metal castings.
- Metal Polisher
- Metal polishers polish metals to give them smooth, reflective or other finishes.
Last updated 10 January 2022