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Pūkenga Hauora Kararehe

Alternative titles for this job

Veterinarians treat sick and injured animals, provide general animal care, and advise about health care and disease prevention for pets and farm (production) animals.


New veterinarians usually earn

$58K-$76K per year

Experienced veterinarians usually earn

$76K-$130K per year

Source: New Zealand Veterinary Association, 2017.

Job opportunities

Chances of getting a job as a veterinarian are good due to a shortage of people in the role, particularly in rural areas.


Pay for veterinarians varies depending on experience, responsibilities and location.

  • New graduates with one to three years' experience earn an average of $58,000 a year. 
  • Veterinarians with three to five years' experience earn an average of $76,000. 
  • Senior veterinarians with six to 10 years' experience earn an average of $86,000. 
  • Experienced veterinarians running a business, or working as a business partner, can earn from $100,000 to $130,000. 

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)

What you will do

Veterinarians may do some or all of the following:

  • work with clients to prevent and treat animal problems and diseases
  • advise on preventative health care, nutrition and the care and welfare of animals
  • examine dead animals to find out the cause of death
  • work with herd and flock owners to help them meet breeding and production goals
  • negotiate with other countries to set health standards for animal or animal product imports and exports
  • write and develop statutes, codes, regulations and policies that protect animal welfare
  • develop specialist skills to assist with surgery, medicine, epidemiology and pharmacology for animals
  • be involved with disease investigation and research and co-ordinate national disease control programmes
  • help pharmaceutical companies develop and market products used on animals.

Skills and knowledge

Veterinarians need to have:

  • knowledge of animals and animal diseases
  • animal-handling skills
  • knowledge of animal anatomy, physiology and biology
  • knowledge of biochemistry, microbiology and parasitology
  • skill in treating animals with medicines and performing surgery
  • knowledge of radiography, dentistry and lab methods
  • up to date knowledge of developments in veterinary science.

Business management knowledge may also be useful.

Working conditions


  • work long and irregular hours, are often on call, and may also work evenings and weekends
  • may work at clinics, hospitals, farms, zoos, catteries, dog kennels, meat processing plants, laboratories, teaching institutes, and government regulation agencies such as biosecurity and Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) 
  • often have to travel locally to visit and treat animals.

What's the job really like?

Amber Bone

Amber Bone


Emotionally draining work

"Being a vet is not all fairytales and playing with puppies and kittens and amazing surgery and saving lives. It's sometimes mundane tasks and animals dying on you.

"I don’t think I realised just how much it can take out of you, dealing with people every day. You have to be able to deal with the animal's owner, and if a pet has to be put down, you have to deal with their grief as well."

Wonder dog moments make it all worthwhile

"Vaccinations are what you spend 50% of your time doing. There are days when you think, 'If I have to vaccinate another cow, seriously… I want to go and stack supermarket shelves.' Then something amazing will walk through the door and you'll save a life, which makes it worthwhile.

"One dog came in nearly dead after eating eight live chickens. When we operated, her bowel was twisted and purple and she was very close to dead. Next morning she was right as rain. She was a wonder dog."

Entry requirements

To become a veterinarian, you need to:

  • complete a Bachelor of Veterinary Science
  • be registered with the Veterinary Council of New Zealand
  • have an Annual Practising Certificate.

Massey University is the only place in New Zealand offering the Bachelor of Veterinary Science course. The first half of the first year is a pre-veterinary semester. Then students are considered for entry into the four-and-a-half year professional phase of the course. Each year 108 students, of whom 84 are New Zealand residents, are accepted for the professional phase.

Students applying to Massey University must have a minimum of 10 days' veterinary work experience.

Secondary education

NCEA Level 3 is required to enter tertiary training. Useful subjects include chemistry, biology, physics and maths. 

Personal requirements

Veterinarians should be understanding, patient and concerned for animals. They must also:

  • be mature and responsible
  • work well under pressure
  • inspire confidence in clients
  • be good communicators with excellent interpersonal skills
  • be organised
  • be decisive and good at solving problems
  • be motivated and have a desire to learn.

Useful experience

Useful experience for veterinarians includes:

  • practical experience with farm animals, such as work on a dairy, sheep or cattle farm, or work with horses
  • work as an animal technician
  • animal training
  • volunteer or paid work relating to animal care.

Physical requirements

Veterinarians need to have good eyesight (with or without corrective lenses), good hearing, and good hand-eye co-ordination. They also need to have a reasonable level of fitness as they may spend long periods on their feet and the work can be physically demanding.


Veterinarians need to be registered with the Veterinary Council of New Zealand and have a current Annual Practising Certificate.

Find out more about training

Massey University
0800 627 739 - vet@massey.ac.nz - www.massey.ac.nz
Check out related courses

What are the chances of getting a job?

Veterinarian on long-term skill shortage list

The number of veterinarians has been steadily increasing, with around 3,000 currently practising in New Zealand, but there are still not enough to meet demand. As a result, veterinarian appears on Immigration New Zealand's long-term skill shortage list. This means the Government is actively encouraging skilled veterinarians from overseas to work in New Zealand. Dairy cattle veterinarians are in particularly high demand.

The Ministry for Primary Industries offers a bonding scheme for newly qualified veterinarians who are willing to work in areas where they are most needed. 

Shortage of veterinarians has many causes

The shortage of veterinarians is due to:

  • limits on trainee numbers – only 84 New Zealand residents and 24 international students are accepted for veterinary training each year
  • qualified veterinarians moving overseas for higher pay
  • demand for veterinarians' services from the growing dairy industry.

About 60% of graduates start work in mixed (farm animal and pet) practice, mainly in smaller towns, but rural practices still find it hard to attract veterinarians because the work often involves long hours, driving long distances, and working with large animals, which is physically demanding. 

Graduates can find roles more quickly if they are prepared to be flexible about the hours and where they work.

According to the Census, 2,475 veterinarians worked in New Zealand in 2018.

Types of employers varied

About 40% of veterinarians work in mixed rural practices and 40% work in urban practices, which mainly deal with pets. Practices can be small, with just one or two veterinarians, or large, with up to 20 staff.

Veterinarians may also work for:

  • companies or government agencies, doing scientific research or developing new products
  • the Ministry for Primary Industries, dealing with animal health, quality control at meat plants, and disease research
  • AgResearch, in animal production and disease research
  • universities, in research and teaching
  • wildlife services, such as zoos and sanctuaries for endangered animals.


  • Beattie, H, NZVA chief veterinary officer, New Zealand Veterinary Association, Careers Directorate – Tertiary Education Commission interview, December 2017.
  • Immigration New Zealand, 'Long Term Skill Shortage List', 19 February 2018, (www.immigration.govt.nz).
  • Massey University website, accessed December 2017, (www.massey.ac.nz).
  • Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, 'Occupational Outlook 2017', accessed December 2017, (www.mbie.govt.nz).
  • Ministry for Primary Industries, 'Voluntary Bonding Scheme for Veterinarians,' accessed December 2017, (www.mpi.govt.nz).
  • Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)

Progression and specialisations

Veterinarians may progress to set up their own vet practices, or move into non-clinical roles such as teaching and research, or management. 

Veterinarians may also specialise in: 

  • large or small animals 
  • wildlife
  • poultry
  • horses and farm animals
  • zoo animals
  • domestic pets.
A veterinarian in a consulting room with two cats

Veterinarians carry out preventative health checks and treat sick or injured animals (Photo: Central Vet Hospital)

Last updated 3 March 2020