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Primary School Teacher

Kaiako Kura Tuatahi

Alternative titles for this job

Primary school teachers teach children between the ages of five and 13 at primary or intermediate schools.


New primary school teachers usually earn

$48K-$52K per year

Primary school teachers with more than six years' experience usually earn

$71K-$80K per year

Source: Ministry of Education, 'Primary Teachers’ Collective Agreement', 2019.

Job opportunities

Chances of getting a job as a primary school teacher are good due to a shortage of workers.


Pay for primary school teachers varies depending on qualifications and experience.

  • Graduate primary school teachers usually earn between $48,000 and $52,000 a year.
  • Primary school teachers with two to six years' experience usually earn $52,000 to $75,000.
  • Primary school teachers with more than six years' experience usually earn $71,000 to $80,000.

Voluntary bonding scheme in hard-to-staff schools

Primary school teachers who work in schools identified as hard to staff may be eligible for an extra $10,500 after three consecutive years of teaching, and $3,500 after teaching for four and five years.

Extra pay in private or independent schools

Primary school teachers who teach in private or independent schools may earn an extra $2,000 to $3,000 a year.

Extra pay for managerial responsibilities

Primary school teachers may receive extra pay for managerial responsibilities, or receive other allowances under their collective agreement.

Source: Ministry of Education, 'Primary Teachers' Collective Agreement – 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2022', 2019.

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)

What you will do

Primary school teachers may do some or all of the following:

  • plan, prepare and present lessons
  • teach a wide range of subjects such as arts, English, maths and science
  • keep up to date with curriculum changes and assessment methods
  • assess and record learning and development of each child
  • observe and manage student behaviour
  • help to develop children's social skills and behaviours
  • meet with parents, whānau and caregivers at planning or teacher/parent evenings
  • lead a curriculum area, such as English or maths, within the school
  • get involved in extracurricular activities such as camps, sports coaching and school fairs
  • do lunchtime playground duty or road patrol duty.

Skills and knowledge

Primary school teachers need to have knowledge of:

  • different teaching methods and learning styles
  • the New Zealand school curriculum
  • how to plan units and lessons, and evaluate students' progress
  • child development, including learning difficulties and how to identify them
  • behaviour management techniques such as establishing boundaries and rewarding positive behaviour
  • school rules, policies and procedures, including safety and emergency procedures.

Working conditions

Primary school teachers:

  • usually work with children from about 8am until 3.30pm. They also work outside these hours doing administrative work, attending meetings and doing extracurricular activities such as coaching sports teams
  • work in classrooms, which may be noisy, and occasionally outside in the playground or sports field
  • may accompany students on field trips, sports events and school camps.

What's the job really like?

Nelson Teariki

Nelson Teariki

Primary School Teacher

The buzz of seeing students succeed

Nelson Teariki chose primary school teaching because the teachers he'd had at school made learning so much fun. "I thought it would be pretty cool to be able to do that for others."

Seeing the students achieve successes is what teaching's all about, says Nelson. "At the beginning of this year one of the boys in my class had ideas in his head but couldn't put them down on paper. But now he can spell better, he can write his ideas down, and he's really happy about that – and I am too!"

And a downside of the job? "There's a huge amount of paperwork and I'm definitely not a paper person! Sometimes I have struggled with that, especially when I began teaching."

Nelson's tips on becoming a teacher

If you're considering a career in teaching, Nelson has two pieces of advice. "First, have someone around who believes in you. It was my mum who always pushed me, and encouraged me to believe in my ability to become a teacher, even when I sometimes doubted it.

"And second, if you're serious about teaching go and do some work experience in a school – you'll soon find out if that's what you want to do."

Entry requirements

To become a primary school teacher you need to have one of the following:

  • Bachelor of Education (Teaching)
  • Bachelor of Teaching (Primary or Māori Medium)
  • Bachelor of Teaching and Learning (Primary).

Alternatively, you can complete a four-year conjoint degree, such as a BA/BTeach or BSc/BTeach, which combines study in teaching subjects with teacher training. This conjoint degree means you can teach both primary and secondary students.

Education requirements for graduates

If you already have a Bachelor's degree that is not in education or teaching, you also need to complete one of the following:

  • Graduate Diploma in Teaching (Primary)
  • Graduate Diploma in Teaching and Learning (Primary)
  • Master of Teaching (Primary)
  • Master of Teaching and Learning (Primary)
  • Postgraduate Diploma of Teaching and Learning in Māori Medium.

You also need to be registered with the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand and have a current practising certificate.

Scholarships available for Māori and Pasifika

Primary school teacher scholarships for course fees and sometimes allowances are available for:

  • Māori medium trainee teachers
  • Māori or Pasifika high achievers – students who have completed one year of undergraduate study with a B+ grade average and show strong leadership skills.

The Vulnerable Children Act 2014 means that if you have certain serious convictions, you can’t be employed in a role where you are responsible for, or work alone with, children.

Secondary education

A tertiary entrance qualification is required to enter further training.

Additional requirements for specialist roles:

Special Education Teacher

To become a special education teacher you need to have two years or more of primary school teaching experience, full teacher registration, and a postgraduate qualification in the area of special education you wish to teach in.

Personal requirements

Primary school teachers need to be:

  • skilled at communicating clearly with children and adults from a range of backgrounds and cultures
  • organised, and good at solving problems quickly
  • enthusiastic, open-minded and able to motivate children
  • creative and adaptable
  • able to work well under pressure
  • firm and fair, with a sense of humour
  • able to work well in a team.

You absolutely have to be able to problem-solve – to think on your feet and react quickly. Things happen all the time in teaching, and you won't know how to respond to it until it happens.

Photo: David Pierson

David Pierson

Primary School Teacher

Useful experience

Useful experience for primary school teachers includes:

  • child counselling
  • work with people with disabilities
  • school holiday programme work
  • childcare work or work as a teacher aide
  • working with children through groups such as Brownies and Scouts
  • coaching sports teams.

Physical requirements

Primary school teachers need to be reasonably fit and healthy, as they may stand for long periods, do playground duty and physical education, coach sport, and run school camps. Teachers usually need to know how to swim.


Primary school teachers need to be registered with the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand and have a current practising certificate.

Find out more about training

Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand
(04) 471 0852 - enquiries@teachingcouncil.nz - www.teachingcouncil.nz
0800 165 225 - teachnz.admin@education.govt.nz - www.teachnz.govt.nz
Check out related courses

What are the chances of getting a job?

Shortage of primary school teachers

Primary school teacher appears on Immigration New Zealand's regional skill shortage list. This means the Government is actively encouraging skilled teachers from overseas to work in New Zealand.

Demand for primary school teachers is expected to remain high. This is because:

  • high birth rates in the early 2010s mean more children at primary schools until 2025
  • a large number of teachers are expected to retire by 2023.

According to the Census, 33,519 primary school teachers worked in New Zealand in 2018.

Demand highest in Auckland

Demand for primary school teachers is highest in urban North Island areas.

At the start of 2019, there were 140 vacancies for primary school teachers in Auckland, 43 in Wellington and 40 in Waikato.

Primary school teachers are leaving Auckland due to the high cost of housing, and commuting times making it difficult to balance work and life.

Teachers who speak Māori in high demand

Qualified primary school teachers who also speak te reo Māori are in high demand to teach in kura kaupapa Māori (Māori language immersion schools) and in general primary schools.

The Government offers scholarships and additional salary payments to encourage people to train in this area.

Most teachers employed by the Government

State schools are the biggest employers of primary school teachers, but teachers may also work for private and state-integrated schools such as Catholic schools.


  • Collins, S, 'NZEI Survey Points to Possible Improvement in Teacher Shortage', 18 February 2019, (www.nzherald.co.nz).
  • Education Counts, 'Teacher Headcount by Age', accessed February 2019, (www.educationcounts.govt.nz).
  • Gerritsen, J, 'Principals Worried By Teacher Shortage Forecast', 18 October 2018, (www.radionz.co.nz).
  • Immigration New Zealand, 'Regional Skill Shortage List', 27 May 2019, (www.immigration.govt.nz).
  • Redmond, A, 'NZ Schools Need 376 Teachers For 2019 As Overseas Recruitment Drive Comes "Too Late"', 23 January 2019, (www.stuff.co.nz).
  • Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.
  • TeachNZ website, accessed February 2019, (www.teachnz.govt.nz).

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)

Progression and specialisations

Primary school teachers may move into managerial roles, such as deputy principal or principal, or they may move into work outside the school system, such as:

  • teaching trainee teachers at universities
  • doing research, policy or advisory work in the education sector
  • working in training and education roles in a museum or art gallery.

With further training, primary school teachers may progress to become special education teachers.

A man talks to two girls playing in a classroom

Primary school teachers can help children learn through play

Last updated 1 December 2020