Occupational therapists provide therapy and support to people with limited ability to carry out everyday activities because of illness, injury or disability.
Occupational therapists with up to five years' experience usually earn
$45K-$71K per year
Occupational therapists with more than five years' experience usually earn
$71K-$112K per year
Source: Apex/Auckland DHB 2021 and MoE, 2020.
Pay for occupational therapists varies depending on experience, qualifications and employer.
Occupational therapists working in private practice
Occupational therapists working in private practice usually earn between $45,000 and $110,000 a year.
Occupational therapists working for district health boards
- Occupational therapists with up to five years' experience usually earn between $52,000 and $71,000 a year.
- Occupational therapists with more than five years' experience usually earn between $71,000 and $84,000.
- Occupational therapists with more than 10 years' experience can earn from $84,000 to $112,000.
Occupational therapists working in schools
- Occupational therapists with up to five years' experience usually earn between $51,000 and $63,000 a year.
- Occupational therapists with more than five years' experience usually earn between $63,000 and $77,000.
- Occupational therapists with more than 10 years' experience can earn from $77,000 to $84,000.
Sources: Apex and Northland DHB, ‘Occupational Therapy Collective Agreement 2020 – 2021’, 2021; and Ministry of Education,’ Support Staff in Schools’ Collective Agreement, Dec 2019 – February 2022’, 2020.
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)
What you will do
Occupational therapists may do some or all of the following:
- assess clients' abilities and help them gain or regain skills
- plan and direct therapy treatment, including physical and social activities
- carry out workplace or home safety assessments
- provide advice on equipment or recommend changes to home or work environments
- advise clients on changes to their lifestyle to help them with daily activities
- observe and report on clients' progress.
Skills and knowledge
Occupational therapists need to have knowledge of:
- occupational therapy methods and research
- psychology, biology and anatomy
- how to negotiate with people and motivate them
- different cultures and customs.
- may do shift work that includes evenings or weekends
- may work in a variety of places, including hospitals, private clinics, nursing homes, workplaces and schools.
What's the job really like?
What got you interested in becoming an occupational therapist?
“I’d always been interested in health and wellbeing and it was the holistic nature of occupational therapy that sparked my interest. It’s a fascinating field that acknowledges the link between peoples’ occupations and the body, mind, spirit and environment."
What are some of the things you like about your job?
“I really enjoy the process of working alongside young people and whānau, supporting goal setting and problem solving around what they need and what they want to do.
“I also enjoy seeing people’s awareness develop around the interaction between meaningful activity and wellbeing and how they can take an active role in their own healthcare and empowerment.”
What hours do you work?
“I work a 40-hour week and have the weekends off. Sometimes, I’m rostered on during public holidays because I work in a children’s hospital. That works OK for me as I can plan ahead as needed.”
What suggestions do you have for someone interested in starting out in this job?
“Meet and talk with working occupational therapists to understand the role and opportunities.
“Check out the information available on the Occupational Therapy New Zealand website and try and arrange to observe an occupational therapist at work to get an idea of what’s involved.”
To become an occupational therapist you need to complete one of the following:
- Bachelor of Health Science (Occupational Therapy) (AUT)
- Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (Otago Polytechnic/Wintec).
- AUT University website - information about the Bachelor of Health Science (Occupational Therapy)
- Otago Polytechnic website - information about the Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
- Waikato Institute of Technology (Wintec) website - information about the Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapists also need to be registered with the Occupational Therapy Board of New Zealand (OTBNZ) and have a current Practising Certificate.
The Vulnerable Children Act 2014 means that if you have certain serious convictions, you can’t be employed in a role where you are responsible for, or work alone with, children.
NCEA Level 3 is required to enter tertiary training. Useful subjects include biology, chemistry, health and physical education.
Occupational therapists need to be:
- positive and encouraging
- approachable, with good communication skills
- skilled at report writing
- analytical and observant
- good at problem solving
- good at time management.
Useful experience for occupational therapists includes:
- working with children, the elderly or disabled people
- coaching and working with groups of people
- first aid experience.
Occupational therapists need to be reasonably fit and healthy as they may have to help lift patients.
Occupational therapists need to be registered with the Occupational Therapy Board.
Find out more about training
- Occupational Therapy New Zealand - Whakaora Ngangahau Aotearoa
- (04) 473 6510 - firstname.lastname@example.org - www.otnz.co.nz
- Te Rau Ora - Māori Mental Health Workforce Development
- (04) 473 9591 - email@example.com - www.terauora.com
What are the chances of getting a job?
High competition for entry-level jobs
Employers prefer to hire occupational therapists with experience, so competition is high for entry-level jobs.
New graduates have a better chance of finding work where adequate supervision is available such as in private clinics or public hospitals.
According to the Occupational Therapy Board of New Zealand, 3,013 occupational therapists worked in New Zealand in 2018.
Ageing population and mental health needs increase demand for occupational therapists
Job opportunities for experienced occupational therapists are good because:
- New Zealand's large ageing population is using more occupational therapy services to remain independent and active
- demand is increasing for occupational therapists to provide mental health and addiction services.
Types of employers varied
Occupational therapists may work for:
- district health boards (public health services and hospitals)
- private occupational therapy or multi-disciplinary practices
- primary health care providers
- rest homes, hospices or private hospitals
- rehabilitation services
- primary and secondary schools
- ACC (as case managers)
- non-governmental organisations (NGOs) such as charities or trusts
- the Ministry of Education
- local government.
Many occupational therapists are self-employed.
- Kenning, M, Acting Chief Executive, Occupational Therapy Board of New Zealand, careers.govt.nz interview, May 2021.
- Ministry of Education, ‘Support Staff in Schools’ Collective Agreement - December 2019 to February 2022’, 30 June 2020, (www.education.govt.nz).
- Ministry of Health, 'Health Workforce Funding Review - Current State Report', November 2020, (www.health.govt.nz).
- Occupational Therapy Board of New Zealand website, accessed May 2021, (www.otboard.org.nz).
- Occupational Therapy New Zealand website, accessed May 2021, (www.otnz.co.nz).
- Scoop, ‘Covid-19 Workplace Recovery Opens up Job Opportunities in Healthcare’, 19 March 2021, (www.scoop.co.nz).
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)
Progression and specialisations
Occupational therapists may progress to work in management, teaching or research roles, or move into contracting work.
Occupational therapists can specialise in a specific area, such as:
- burn management
- driving assessments
- hand therapy
- mental health and addictions
- geriatrics (elderly people)
- paediatrics (children).
Last updated 6 January 2022