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Diver

Kairukuruku

Alternative titles for this job

Divers work underwater and may develop and maintain commercial structures, carry out marine searches and rescues, instruct dive students, do biosecurity work, and gather seafood.

Pay

Newly qualified divers with one to five years’ experience usually earn

$34K-$40K per year

Divers with more than five years’ experience usually earn

$40K-$80K per year

Source: NZ Underwater Assn and NZ Diving & Salvage, 2018.

Job opportunities

Chances of getting a job as a diver are average due to it being a small occupation with a steady turnover of workers.

Pay

Pay for divers varies depending on skills, experience and the type of diving they do.

  • Newly qualified divers and those with up to five years' experience can expect to earn between minimum wage and $40,000 a year.
  • Divers with more than five years' experience usually earn between $40,000 and $60,000.
  • Highly experienced divers with specialist skills can earn up to $80,000.

Commercial divers usually work on short-term projects and are paid a daily rate, which can range from $130 to $1,000 or more. Some commercial divers are employed full time and paid a fixed salary.

Sources: New Zealand Underwater Association, 2018; and New Zealand Diving & Salvage, 2018. 

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)

What you will do

Divers may do some or all of the following:

  • inspect, build and repair structures using underwater tools and equipment
  • search underwater areas for objects, structures or criminal evidence
  • manage emergency situations, including rescuing divers in distress 
  • clean and inspect boats or marine farm structures
  • guide certified divers on underwater tours
  • inspect, clean and wash diving equipment
  • instruct dive students
  • keep a log book to record details of diving experiences.

Skills and knowledge

Divers need to have knowledge of: 

  • diving techniques, and have excellent diving skills
  • diving equipment, and have the ability to repair equipment that breaks down on-site
  • relevant health and safety regulations
  • underwater hazards such as rips and currents
  • first aid and how to deal with emergencies.

Depending on their area of specialisation, divers may also need to have knowledge of:

  • underwater inspection and survey techniques
  • search and rescue procedures
  • construction methods and materials
  • underwater photography
  • the behaviour of marine life.

Working conditions

Divers:

  • usually work irregular hours including weekends and may be on call
  • work off boats for days or weeks at a time, and may spend long periods underwater in lakes, rivers, harbours and at sea
  • may work in extreme conditions including icy water, water with poor visibility, and in windy or changeable weather conditions
  • may travel to work sites throughout New Zealand or in places such as Antarctica or the North Sea.

What's the job really like?

Brook McRae

Diver

Getting paid to live your dreams

“There are few jobs that give you the memorable adventures that come with a diving career,” says diver and commercial diving business owner Brook McRae.

“The bonus is getting paid to go to some amazing places. I’ve worked deep underwater in India installing and connecting big oil and gas pipelines. You live in a helium ‘space station’ and talk like a chipmunk for a month at a time!”

His construction diving skills have also been in demand around New Zealand. “I’ve done salvage work on the Rena shipwreck in Tauranga and joined pipes with huge bolts for Christchurch’s water treatment outfall.”

Brook says it’s definitely a job requiring practical skills. “It helps if you’re hands on, and have a touch of Kiwi ingenuity as you’re often thinking of solutions." 

Network to get jobs

“Diving work can be a feast or famine, but roles are there for people who are proactive about finding work,” observes Brook.

And he says, “If you do well at the construction diving training school you’ll get noticed and get the jobs. Especially if you’ve got a Certificate in Construction Diving to 50m because then you can work on the heavier construction jobs like hydro dams.”

Expect to spend time away from home

Diving’s a job where you need to be away from home a lot, admits Brook. “Some jobs can go on for four to six months. So it’s best if you can fully commit, or have an understanding partner!”

Entry requirements

To become a diver you need to have a specific diving qualification and certification. You also need to: 

  • be at least 18 years old
  • have a current medical clearance from the Diving Hyperbaric Medicine Service
  • have a current First Aid Certificate
  • have a Certificate of Competence, issued by Worksafe, renewed every five years.

Underwater commercial diver qualifications

To become a diver working in underwater commercial or scientific diving you need to have a recognised qualification in commercial diving offered through the Australian Diver Accreditation Scheme (ADAS).

Diving instructor qualifications

To become a diving instructor working in the recreational and tourism sector you need to have a New Zealand Certificate in Diving – Leadership (Level 4), a New Zealand Certificate in Diving – Instruction (Level 6) or a Diploma in Professional SCUBA Instruction (Level 5).

Secondary education

There are no specific secondary educational requirements to become a diver. However, physical education, maths, physics and workshop technology are useful.

Personal requirements

Divers need to be:

  • able to remain calm in emergencies and work well under pressure
  • confident and adaptable
  • alert and safety conscious
  • methodical and careful
  • good communicators.

It pays to be safety conscious, to do all your safety checks, because you’re working underwater in near zero visibility with tools like blazing hot thermal torches that cut through metal.

Photo: Brook McRae

Brook McRae

Diver

Useful experience

Useful experience for divers includes:

  • recreational diving
  • dive industry retail work
  • building industry work
  • engineering, fitting and welding work
  • scientific work such as marine biology or oceanography
  • work on boats or in the boating industry
  • teaching.

Physical requirements

Divers need to have excellent fitness and health and a good level of stamina because diving can be physically demanding. They also need to be free of inner-ear problems as diving can put extra stress on the ear drum.

Divers also need to undergo regular medical and dental checks. 

Registration

Divers need to be certified by one or more of the following agencies:

  • The Australian Diver Accreditation Scheme (ADAS) 
  • The Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI)
  • Scuba Schools International (SSI)
  • The National Academy of Scuba Educators (NASE). 

Find out more about training

Academy of Diving Trust
(06) 356 1665 - info@academyofdiving.ac.nz - www.academyofdiving.ac.nz
Subsea Training Centre
0800182218 - info@subsea.nz - www.subsea.nz
Check out related courses

What are the chances of getting a job?

Demand for divers steady

Chances of getting a job as a diver are average as diving is a small occupation, but there are opportunities due to a steady turnover of workers. Divers often change jobs to broaden their New Zealand or get overseas diving experience, or work in a more permanent non-diving role.

Diving instructors working in the tourist industry face competition from overseas instructors coming to New Zealand on working holidays. 

Most divers work on contract and do seasonal work during summer. Supporting diver work with a complementary job like boat piloting or a trade can be useful. 

Opportunities best in commercial diving

Your best chance of getting regular diving work is to do in-shore diving with a commercial operator. This work usually involves maintaining, repairing and upgrading infrastructure such as ports.  

Opportunities in biosecurity and aquaculture fields

Regional councils are receiving increased funding for dive teams for marine biosecurity surveillance because the Government's Biosecurity 2025 strategy focuses on better management of invasive pests and disease.

The aquaculture industry is also expanding its operations, which will create more opportunities for divers to do underwater inspections, maintenance and repairs. 

Types of employers varied

Most diving instructors are employed by dive schools and companies or resorts offering dive experiences for tourists.

Commercial divers may also work for:

  • salmon and other aquaculture businesses
  • engineering companies
  • oil rig operators
  • aquariums and marine science research institutes
  • commercial diving contractors
  • underwater photographic and nature film studios
  • ship-building, repair and salvage firms.

The Royal New Zealand Navy, New Zealand Police, and New Zealand Customs Service also have dive teams, but recruits are selected from within each organisation to train as divers.

Sources

  • Bishop, S, technical adviser, NZ Underwater Association, careers.govt.nz interview, June 2018.
  • Fergus, S, general manager, NZ Diving & Salvage, careers.govt.nz interview, June 2018. 
  • Hannaford, K, owner, DiveCo Ltd, careers.govt.nz interview, June 2018.  
  • Lash, H, biosecurity officer, Bay of Plenty Regional Council, careers.govt.nz interview, June 2018. 
  • Subsea Training Centre website, accessed June 2018, (www.nzsos.co.nz).

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)

Progression and specialisations

Divers may progress to set up their own dive business.

Divers may specialise in:

  • underwater filming or photography
  • underwater construction and ship survey work
  • underwater cable laying
  • underwater search and rescue
  • aquaculture
  • diver training
  • tours for tourists.
A diver underwater doing welding work on a ship's propeller

A diver welding a rope guard on a ship's propeller (Photo: NZ Diving and Salvage)

Last updated 26 November 2018