Teacher of English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL)
Kaiako Reo Pākehā (ki te Hunga Kōrero Reo Kē)
Teachers of English to speakers of other languages (ESOL teachers) teach people from non-English speaking backgrounds how to speak, read and write English.
ESOL teachers usually earn
$46K-$75K per year
Source: MoE and careers.govt.nz research, 2020.
Pay for ESOL teachers varies depending on their qualifications, experience and who they work for.
Private language schools
ESOL teachers are usually paid an hourly rate in private language schools. They may earn between $25 and $32 an hour for a 25-hour week.
Primary and secondary schools
Qualified ESOL teachers at primary and secondary schools usually earn between $48,000 and $80,000 a year.
ESOL teachers at universities and polytechnics can earn from $50,000 to $75,000, depending on the institution.
Sources: Ministry of Education, 2020; and careers.govt.nz research, 2020.
- PAYE.net.nz website – use this calculator to convert pay and salary information
- Ministry of Education website - primary teachers' pay
- Ministry of Education website - secondary teachers' pay
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)
What you will do
ESOL teachers may do some or all of the following:
- analyse students' language abilities and assess their needs
- design and prepare learning materials and course outlines
- make sure suitable learning aids and resources are available
- prepare and present lessons
- work with individual students to set up learning objectives, such as speaking and pronunciation, or reading and writing skills
- monitor and report on student progress
- teach skills for coping in a new community.
Skills and knowledge
ESOL teachers need to have:
- a thorough knowledge of the English language
- an understanding of language learning and teaching principles
- practical teaching and classroom management skills
- skill in planning lessons
- research skills, including how to locate useful resources for students.
ESOL teachers at secondary schools also need knowledge of curriculum subjects to work with students studying them, or to help teachers prepare class material for ESOL students.
- may work full or part-time hours, which can include evenings and weekends
- work in school and tertiary institute classrooms, and in students' homes.
Entry requirements for ESOL teachers varies depending on the type of work.
Early childhood, primary and secondary schools
To become an ESOL teacher at a primary or secondary school you need to be a registered teacher and preferably have an ESOL qualification, such as:
- Cambridge Certificate in English Language Teaching for Adults (CELTA)
- Certificate in TESOL
- Cambridge Diploma in English Language Teaching for Adults (DELTA)
- a graduate or postgraduate certificate or diploma in Teaching of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) or second-language teaching.
You also need to be registered with the New Zealand Teachers Council and have a current practising certificate, renewable every three years.
Registered teachers can apply for a scholarship for Teaching English in Schools for Speakers of Other Languages (TESSOL) qualifications.
The Vulnerable Children Act 2014 means that if you have certain serious convictions, you can’t be employed in a role where you are responsible for, or work alone with, children.
To become an ESOL teacher at a tertiary institution – for example, in a university preparing students for academic study – it’s preferable to have:
- a Master’s degree in TESOL, second-language teaching or applied linguistics
- a minimum of two years’ relevant experience.
Private language schools
To teach in a private language school there are no specific entry requirements, but it is recommended that teachers complete an ESOL qualification.
A tertiary entrance qualification is required to enter further training.
ESOL teachers need to be:
- good at solving problems
- skilled at listening and building relationships
- good at writing
- interested in, and understanding of, people from a range of cultures
- positive, friendly and approachable
- adaptable, energetic and good at motivating people
- sensitive and caring
- patient and creative.
You need to be patient because the students come from a different culture, and our way of learning may not necessarily be the best way for them.
Kerry De Graaff
Useful experience for ESOL teachers includes:
- experience of learning to speak another language
- volunteering as a home tutor.
Working as an unqualified ESOL teaching assistant in a school is useful experience before completing a teaching qualification.
To teach in a school, ESOL teachers need to be registered with the New Zealand Teachers Council, or be given a Limited Authority to Teach by the Council.
Limited Authority to Teach means that a person has the skills to teach their subject, but may not have a specific qualification normally associated with teaching.
- Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand website - information about applying for Limited Authority to Teach
- Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand website - information on teacher registration and certification
Find out more about training
- Teaching Council of Aotearoa
- (04) 471 0852 - firstname.lastname@example.org - teachingcouncil.nz
- Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages Aotearoa New Zealand (TESOLANZ)
- email@example.com - www.tesolanz.org.nz
- 0800 165 225 - TeachNZ.firstname.lastname@example.org - www.teachnz.govt.nz
What are the chances of getting a job?
COVID-19 pandemic decreases demand for ESOL teachers
Job opportunities for ESOL teachers are poor as the COVID-19 pandemic has reduced demand for workers. This is because the number of migrants and international students has fallen due to border closures.
As a result, the Government announced a $51 million recovery plan for international education in 2020. It includes support for state and state-integrated schools, private training providers and English language schools that employ ESOL teachers. This should improve chances of getting a job as an ESOL teacher in the longer term.
Demand for ESOL teachers may also improve as restrictions to control the spread of the pandemic ease.
Increase your chances of working as an ESOL teacher
You are more likely to get a job as an ESOL teacher if you have:
- ESOL teaching experience
- recognised TESOL qualifications
- ability in other languages – particularly those of Asian, Pacific or Middle Eastern communities who live in New Zealand
- experience teaching the International English Language Testing System – an English-language test recognised worldwide
- music, sport or outdoor activity skills – for private language schools that also offer these programmes.
Types of employers varied
ESOL teachers may work for:
- primary and secondary schools
- tertiary institutions, such as polytechnics and universities, with English-language foundation courses or academic preparation courses
- private language schools
- not-for-profit organisations that work with refugees and migrants
- workplace training schemes for migrant workers in industries such as horticulture, engineering and construction.
ESOL teachers may also be self-employed and tutor individual clients or groups at community education classes.
- Education New Zealand, 'Recovery Plan for the International Education Sector', accessed 2 February 2021, (enz.govt.nz).
- Gerritson, J, 'Auditor-General Warns Schools to Budget Carefully', 1 December 2020, (www.rnz.co.nz).
- Gerritson, J, 'Foreign Students in Country Fewer than Half Normal Number', 25 January 2021, (www.rnz.co.nz).
- Tertiary Education Commission, 'Update on International Students', 26 June 2020, (www.tec.govt.nz).
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)
Progression and specialisations
ESOL teachers may progress to jobs in areas such as:
- training ESOL teachers
- language policy and planning
- curriculum development
- textbook design and development
- working with new migrants (at government departments)
- welfare or marketing at private institutions, such as universities, that work with international students.
Last updated 9 February 2021