Industrial designers design and develop innovative products for use in homes, businesses and industry.
Graduate industrial designers usually earn
$40K-$50K per year
Senior industrial designers usually earn
$90K-$120K per year
Source: The Designers Institute, 2018.
Pay for industrial designers varies depending on experience.
- Graduate industrial designers typically earn between $40,000 and $50,000 a year.
- With one to three years' experience, industrial designers usually earn between $50,000 and $70,000.
- With three to four years' experience, industrial designers usually earn between $70,000 and $90,000.
- At senior level, with five or more years' experience and management responsibilities, industrial designers may earn $90,000 to $120,000.
Self-employed industrial designers may earn more than this.
Source: The Designers Institute, 2018.
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)
What you will do
Industrial designers may do some or all of the following:
- analyse clients' requirements
- generate ideas for new products
- prepare drawings and models
- trial prototypes (models) to test design progress
- develop concept designs through to detailed production designs
- discuss design ideas with clients
- work out material and process requirements
- provide clients with budgets for production of designs
- analyse product patent documents
- test the durability, efficiency, or comfort of products (ergonomics).
Skills and knowledge
Industrial designers need to have knowledge of:
- design and production standards
- manufacturing materials and processes
- ergonomic and human factors design (how to design for users' comfort and efficiency)
- how to interpret and visualise ideas in two and three dimensions (2D and 3D)
- how to operate digital design tools and equipment.
- usually work regular business hours, but may work evenings and weekends to meet deadlines
- work in offices, workshops or studios
- may travel locally, nationally or internationally to work with clients.
What's the job really like?
Why did you decide to become an industrial designer?
"When I was at college, I was good at art, design and technical drawing, but I wasn't sure what kind of design I wanted to do. I looked at the design options at university, and realised with industrial design I could go beyond drawing graphics and logos."
How does the design process work?
"Normally a company comes to us with the idea for a product – it could be anything from a bus-ticketing machine to an igloo for a vodka promotional event. We need to understand what the product has to do and be, how much it costs, and what type of market it's for. Depending on the product, it could take anywhere from three to 18 months – it just depends on how complicated it is."
What do you like most about the job of industrial designer?
"I have always loved the conceptual phase of doing a sketch on a piece of paper that captures some vision, and then months later seeing that physically translated into a 3D object or product someone could purchase. To me, the poetry in that is just fascinating. When I started the design programme, I just became more passionate about it."
To become an industrial designer you need a Bachelor's degree in industrial or product design. Some employers accept people with degrees in related areas such as graphic or architectural design.
You also need a portfolio that demonstrates your design and creative ability.
A tertiary entrance qualification is required to enter further training. Useful subjects include design and visual communication (graphics), maths, construction and mechanical technologies, English, art and computer studies.
Industrial designers need to be:
- creative and imaginative with good artistic skills
- able to work well under pressure
- motivated and confident
- able to accept criticism
- good communicators
- persuasive, as they need to sell their ideas and designs to clients.
Useful experience for industrial designers includes:
- visualisation or illustration experience
- computer-assisted design (CAD) experience
- digital fabrication (computer-aided design and manufacture of products using 3D printing or machining)
- model making
- architecture or interior design work
- craft or furniture design
- manufacturing work in a workshop
- running a business.
Find out more about training
- Designers Institute of New Zealand (DINZ)
- (09) 529 1713 - email@example.com - www.dinz.org.nz
What are the chances of getting a job?
Opportunities for industrial designers growing slowly
Demand for industrial designers is gradually increasing because:
- the Government has invested $1 billion to help businesses increase their research and development in science and technology, through to 2022. Industrial design plays a key role in innovation
- more businesses are designing innovative products and services.
Despite the increase of in-house product design among small-to-medium businesses and manufacturers, such as Fisher & Paykel Healthcare and Howard Wright (medical bed designer and manufacturer), industrial design is still a relatively small occupation.
In addition, competition for industrial designer roles is high.
Industrial design graduates may work in related roles
Industrial and product design graduates can work in a range of related roles such as:
- design researcher
- strategic designer
- experience designer.
These jobs use skills such as interaction design and service design – looking at how users interact with products or services, and making design improvements.
Range of ways to increase chances of securing industrial design work
You can increase your chances of getting into industrial design by:
- being connected to a professional organisation like The Designers Institute of New Zealand, where you can network and find a mentor
- approaching industrial design companies you’re interested in and asking if you can do an internship during the holidays, which can lead to full-time work
- entering competitions like the student category of The Designers Institute of New Zealand’s annual Best Design Awards, which can raise your profile.
Types of employers varied
Many industrial designers work for:
- large manufacturing companies
- design or engineering consultancies
- architectural practices.
Some industrial designers are self-employed.
- Adank, R, associate professor industrial design, College of Creative Design, Massey University, careers.govt.nz interview, August 2018.
- Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, 'Innovative Partnerships', accessed August 2018, (www.mbie.govt.nz).
- Veninga, C, chief executive officer, The Designers Institute, careers.govt.nz interview, August 2018.
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)
Progression and specialisations
Industrial designers progress by developing more advanced skills in their area of professional practice, and may move into managerial roles.
Industrial designers may specialise in:
- home appliances, lighting and furniture design
- transport design
- equipment design including medical, agricultural, electronic and recreational equipment
- marine or aircraft interiors
- film production, and stage and tourism design
- retail space design
- service design
- game design
- ergonomic and human factors design (designing services or products that are safe, comfortable, and encourage productivity)
- interaction design (design based on studying how users interact with products or services).
Last updated 17 September 2018