Private teachers/tutors teach a specific skill or subject to individuals or small groups of children or adults.
Company private teachers/tutors usually earn
$25-$35 per hour
Qualified self-employed private teachers/tutors usually earn
$60-$80 per hour
Source: NumberWorks'nWords, 2016
Pay for private teachers/tutors varies depending on qualifications and experience:
- University students who work as private teachers/tutors can earn $17 to $20 an hour.
- Private teachers/tutors with a relevant degree and/or a teaching qualification working for a company can earn between $25 and $35 an hour.
- Private teachers/tutors with a relevant degree and/or a teaching qualification who are self-employed can earn between $60 and $80 an hour, depending on the location.
Sources: NumberWorks'nWords and Goodtime Music Academy, 2016.
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the figures and diagrams in our job information)
What you will do
Private teachers/tutors may do some or all of the following:
- plan lessons according to their students' ability
- teach students the subject knowledge and skills they need
- assess and mark student work
- keep up to date with education curriculum changes and assessment methods
- prepare students for exams or assessments
- organise student performances or exhibitions of their work
- keep records and write reports on students
- meet with parents, whānau/family or caregivers to discuss students' progress
- keep accounts and collect payments.
Skills and knowledge
Private teachers/tutors need to have:
- teaching skills, and some knowledge of different teaching methods and learning styles
- knowledge of the subject they teach
- knowledge of the New Zealand curriculum if teaching subjects such as maths to school students
- curriculum assessment and planning skills
- skill in evaluating students' progress.
- often work part-time hours in the afternoons, evenings and weekends as most of their students are at school or work during the day
- work in a variety of places, including schools, commercial premises, community centres and their own or students' homes
- may travel locally, to teach individual or small group lessons privately in a number of schools or premises.
What's the job really like?
Carl Myers - Dance Teacher/Tutor
Teaching dance like creating a sculpture
Dance teacher/tutor Carl Myers has been in the profession for over 15 years, but says he still gets a huge buzz from seeing his students evolve. "It's like you're creating a sculpture, you get to see the development and the results – it's very rewarding."
Although he specialises in classical ballet, Carl also teaches character dance and pas de deux (couple dancing). He says one of the highlights of teaching is seeing the students perform on stage at the end of the year. "They get so excited when they know they're doing a production. With all their energy they keep you young, they really do."
Long hours made up for by love of the job
While the hours are long, and often mean he has to work weekends, Christmas and holiday periods, Carl says the love of the job keeps him motivated. "I've been very fortunate - there wouldn't be any other profession I'd want to go into.
"When a little girl or boy comes up and smiles and says 'I like that' or 'thank you' then you know you've given them something. Their happy faces when they've learnt something and they're thrilled – that's great."
There are no specific requirements to become a private teacher/tutor.
However, a degree in the subject area they are teaching is usually required and most private teachers/tutors have one of the following:
- a primary or secondary teacher qualification
- a degree in the subject they teach (they may study towards their degree while working)
- proof of completed specialist examinations, such as those from a music examinations board.
- TeachNZ website - information on teaching, teacher training and scholarships
- Institute of Registered Music Teachers of NZ website - information about training courses and registration
The Vulnerable Children Act 2014 means that if you have certain serious convictions, you can’t be employed in a role where you are responsible for, or work alone with, children.
NCEA Level 3 is required to enter tertiary training. Useful subjects include English, languages, maths, music and visual arts.
Private teachers/tutors need:
- good communication skills and the ability to relate well to students and adults from a range of backgrounds
- good organisational and time management skills
- to be understanding, patient and tolerant
- to be supportive and positive
- to be enthusiastic and open-minded.
Useful experience for private teachers/tutors includes:
- teaching or coaching adults or school students
- work with children, such as youth leader work.
Useful experience for private teachers/tutors in the arts also includes:
- playing, performing and composing – for music tutors
- working in theatre, film and radio – for drama tutors
- working as an artist – for art tutors
- performing on stage – for dance tutors.
Find out more about training
- Institute of Registered Music Teachers of NZ (IRMTNZ)
- (04) 479 2722 - email@example.com - www.irmt.org.nz
- 0800 165 225 - TeachNZ.firstname.lastname@example.org - www.teachnz.govt.nz/
What are the chances of getting a job?
The private teaching industry has grown, especially in the area of after-school tuition.
Good opportunities for private teachers/tutors who teach academic subjects
Vacancies arise fairly frequently for private teachers/tutors who teach academic subjects such as maths and English, because:
- more parents are paying for private teachers/tutors to help their children with these subjects
- private teachers/tutors often combine private tuition with university study, and will move into other jobs once they get their degree.
If you have good subject knowledge, teaching or tutoring experience, and skills to communicate well with children, you have a good chance of getting a job.
Fewer opportunities for private teachers/tutors who teach arts subjects
Private teachers/tutors who teach arts subjects make up about three quarters of the private teacher/tutor workforce. Although there are opportunities for teaching jobs in art, music, dance and drama, many people combine this work with another source of income.
Opportunities for qualified music teachers, especially those teaching piano are better. However, it can be competitive and you can increase your chances by being passionate about teaching and marketing yourself well.
Types of employer varied
Private teachers/tutors can be:
- employed by tutoring franchises or a private tutoring business
- self-employed itinerant teachers, such as part-time music tutors, who teach a particular instrument to small groups or individuals at a school
- self-employed tutors working from home or private studios, such as a dance studio.
- Simons, S, chief executive officer, NumberWorks’nWords, Careers New Zealand interview, December 2016.
- Statistics New Zealand, ‘Census of Population and Dwellings’, 2014 (www.stats.govt.nz).
- Wesseling, R, public officer, New Zealand Tutoring Association, Careers New Zealand interview, December 2016.
Progression and specialisations
Private teachers/tutors may progress to a management position, or run their own business.
Private teachers/tutors may specialise in a particular subject including:
- arts subjects, such as art, dance, drama or music
- academic subjects, such as maths or English
- a language, such as te reo Māori or French.
Last updated 13 August 2017