Kaiwhakamahi Pūrere Tuitui
Sewing machinists stitch together clothing, canvas for tents and awnings, and soft furnishings.
Sewing machinists usually earn
$19-$25 per hour
Source: NZ Fashion Tech and Competenz, 2017.
Pay for sewing machinists varies depending on experience and the type of work they do.
- New sewing machinists usually earn minimum wage.
- Sewing machinists with two to five years of experience usually earn about $20 an hour.
- Sewing machinists with more than five years' experience, and sample machinists (those who mock up designs to show designers and clients) can earn up to $25 an hour.
Some sewing machinists are also paid performance bonuses.
Sources: New Zealand Fashion Tech and Competenz, 2017.
- PAYE.net.nz website - use this calculator to convert pay and salary information
- Employment New Zealand website - information about minimum wage rates
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)
What you will do
Sewing machinists may do some or all of the following:
- set up their sewing machines and overlockers
- work on part or all of a product
- clean and maintain sewing machines
- program stitch patterns into a sewing machine
- operate thread-trimming and other non-sewing machines
- repair or alter items and do some hand-sewing
- discuss daily work requirements with supervisors.
Skills and knowledge
Sewing machinists need to have good sewing skills and knowledge of:
- different sewing methods
- needle sizes and machine-threading techniques
- different types of sewing equipment and fabrics
- basic computing skills to program stitch patterns into sewing machines
- types of products they are sewing, and their construction
- practical skills for cleaning and maintaining sewing machines.
Sewing machinists in small businesses may also need to have clothing marking and cutting skills.
- usually work regular business hours, but may sometimes work overtime
- work in factories and workrooms
- work in conditions that can be noisy.
What's the job really like?
Tana Lisale says he hasn’t looked back since deciding to do a course in sewing and pattern making. He now works for a business that hires and sells formal wear. "I usually sew bridesmaids' dresses and ballgowns, and alterations as well."
Seeing the finished product is a motivator
Tana says an average day involves cutting out pattern pieces, pressing them, pinning them, then sewing them together to make finished garments. "What I like about here is that you work on the whole garment without passing it on to anyone. I enjoy making dresses and it's always different dresses. And I like seeing something looking really good on display in the shop and thinking 'That's something I made.' That's really cool."
Tana says he also has the opportunity to design pieces for the shop when they are not too busy. "If I have a design idea I can give it to my manager and see if I can make it."
Sewing an interest as well as a paid job
Not content with creating garments at work, Tana says he does a fair amount of sewing at home too. "It can be really hard if you are sewing all day and then you go home and sew some more."
But, says Tana, the hard work is worthwhile and will stand him in good stead where his future plans are concerned. "I'd like my own shop so I can start selling my own stuff – that's what I've always wanted."
There are no specific entry requirements to become a sewing machinist. However, most employers prefer to hire people with qualifications.
You can become qualified by completing either of the following:
- A New Zealand Certificate in Fashion Technology (Level 3) through an apprenticeship with Competenz.
- A New Zealand Certificate in Fashion Technology (Level 3) or similar at a technical institute.
- Whitecliffe College of Art and Design - Certificate in Apparel and Fashion Technology
- Toi Ohomai website - information on garment construction pathways
A minimum of three years of secondary education is recommended. Useful subjects include digital technologies, maths and processing technologies.
Sewing machinists need to be:
- patient and good problem solvers
- able to concentrate for long periods
- quick and neat
- accurate, with an eye for detail
- able to follow instructions
- able to work well under pressure
- reliable, careful and safety-conscious.
Useful experience for sewing machinists includes:
- community or night courses in dressmaking
- dressmaking or tailoring
- work in a clothing factory or workroom.
Sewing machinists need to have good eyesight (with or without corrective lenses), normal colour vision, good hand-eye co-ordination and steady hands.
Find out more about training
- 0800 526 1800 - firstname.lastname@example.org - www.competenz.org.nz
- Whitecliffe College of Art and Design
- 0800 800 300 - email@example.com - www.whitecliffe.ac.nz
- Toi Ohomai
- 0800 86 46 46 - firstname.lastname@example.org - www.toiohomai.ac.nz
What are the chances of getting a job?
Demand for sewing machinists expected to rise
According to Statistics New Zealand, the number of sewing machinist jobs is expected to rise between now and 2027.
This is due to growing demand for:
- clothing that is environmentally friendly and made in New Zealand
- soft-furnishing sewing skills.
However, insufficient numbers of students are studying the skills required to sew these products, and employers struggle to find sewing machinists with the right skills.
According to the Census, 3,513 sewing machinists worked in New Zealand in 2018.
Chances best for qualified sewing machinists with a variety of skills
Employers prefer sewing machinists:
- with a certificate
- who can do a variety of tasks such as sew fabric for clothing and furniture, sew leather, and cut and mark fabric.
Most sewing machinist jobs not advertised
If you are interested in getting work as a sewing machinist, it's best to approach companies yourself, as over half of new positions in the industry are not advertised.
Types of employers varied
Sewing machinists may work for:
- small fashion houses
- large clothing manufacturers
- fashion retailers
- soft-furnishing manufacturers
- tent and canvas manufacturers
- furniture and curtain shops
- tailors and dressmakers.
Many sewing machinists are self-employed, contracting their services out to a range of clients.
- Edmunds, S, 'New Zealand Designers Carve Out Niche to Take on Fast Fashion', 16 April 2017, (www.stuff.co.nz).
- Marshall-Smith, V, academic director, NZ Institute of Fashion Technology Ltd, Careers Directorate – Tertiary Education Commission interview, November 2017.
- Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, 'Occupation Outlook – Tailors and Patternmakers', accessed October 2017, (www.mbie.govt.nz).
- New Zealand Apparel, 'Is NZ-Made Dead?', 2 August 2017, (www.apparelmagazine.co.nz).
- NZ Fashion Tech, 'Changing Times', accessed October 2017, (www.nzfashiontech.ac.nz).
- NZ Fashion Tech, 'Gaining Employment', accessed October 2017, (www.nzfashiontech.ac.nz).
- NZ Fashion Tech, 'Industry Opportunities', accessed October 2017, (www.nzfashiontech.ac.nz).
- Ryan, H, 'Fashion Industry's Moment to Shine', NZ Herald, 26 August 2017, (www.nzherald.co.nz).
- Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)
Progression and specialisations
With further training, sewing machinists may progress to become clothing markers, cutters, garment technicians, patternmakers or designers.
- Clothing designer job information
- Cutter job information
- Garment technician job information
- Patternmaker job information
Sewing machinists can specialise in a number of roles, including:
- Pleaters sew pleats and folds into fabrics.
- Sample Machinist
- Sample machinists sew sample pieces of clothing to show designers, garment technicians and buyers.
- Trimmers apply decorations to clothing or upholstery, such as piping, ribbon and beads.
Sewing machines may also specialise in items such as:
- curtains and upholstery (coverings for vehicle seats and furniture such as sofas)
- leather goods
- canvas (tents, awnings).
Last updated 8 September 2020