Kaimahi Taunga Waka
Stevedores operate a variety of heavy machinery to load, unload, tally and stow the cargo of a ship.
New stevedores usually earn
$40K-$80K per year
Stevedores in a supervisory role usually earn
$80K-$130K per year
Source: Port Industry Association, 2018.
Pay for stevedores varies depending on skills, experience and the type of work they do.
- New stevedores starting out as cargo operators usually earn between $40,000 and $80,000 a year.
- Experienced stevedores who operate heavy machinery or work in supervisory roles usually earn between $80,000 and $130,000.
Source: Port Industry Association, 2018.
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)
What you will do
Stevedores may do some or all of the following:
- operate heavy vehicles and machinery, such as straddle carriers, forklifts and ships' cranes, to load and unload cargo from trucks, ships and rail transport services
- position and secure cargo in the holds of ships using braces
- carry out safety checks on equipment
- secure and release mooring lines of ships.
Skills and knowledge
Stevedores need to have:
- knowledge of health and safety procedures
- skill operating heavy machinery such as straddle carriers, forklifts and ships' cranes
- knowledge of how to handle different types of cargo, particularly containers of dangerous substances
- knowledge of basic customs and shipping company documents
- the ability to interpret ship loading plans.
- work flexibly, due to changing ship schedules most stevedores don't know in advance what hours they will work each day
- may work early mornings, weekends and nights
- spend most of their time working outdoors at ports, and in container terminals and the cargo holds of ships
- work in most weather conditions and around heavy machinery
- may have to travel to other ports for work.
What's the job really like?
"I like the challenges of life on the waterfront," says Neville Emery. "That's what I've always been about, and here I get a good variety of work so there are lots of challenges."
This diversity has kept Neville on the job for 15 years. "It's never been a boring job – I do crane work, forklift driving, digger driving – I've been around heavy gear so long every forklift is the same," he jokes.
Casual work leads to full-time employment
For those interested in becoming a stevedore, Neville's advice is to start out as a casual. The best way to find work is ringing a stevedore company and asking for work.
"That's the only way to do it because the jobs are never advertised, but they're always looking for labour. Most of the work here for young people is labouring work for starters. After a while, if you're keen to advance, they'll put you through a training course.
"Training has improved since I started. People are now shown what to do, whereas I was thrown in the deep end and told to go and do a job."
To become a qualified stevedore you need to train on the job and gain a New Zealand Certificate in Port Operations – Heavy Machine Operation (Level 3). MITO is the industry training organisation that oversees this certificate.
Stevedores may also be required to hold a Class 2 (heavy vehicle) or higher driver's licence with an F endorsement.
Some employers may require you to pass a medical test.
- MITO - information about the New Zealand Certificate in Port Operations (Heavy Machine Operation)
- New Zealand Transport Agency website - information on heavy vehicle licences
There are no specific secondary education requirements to become a stevedore. However, NCEA Level 2 English and mathematics are useful.
Additional requirements for specialist roles:
To become a crane operator you need to complete the New Zealand Certificate in Crane Operation (Level 3 and 4) through The Skills Organisation.
Stevedores need to be:
- adaptable and practical
- safety conscious
- able to work well in a team
- able to follow instructions
- good communicators.
Useful experience for stevedores includes:
- work with heavy machinery and vehicles such as forklifts, truck and trailer units, and track and roller vehicles
- work in port or freight industries and at heavy plant facilities.
Stevedores need to be reasonably fit and healthy. They should have good upper body strength, hearing, eyesight (with or without corrective lenses) and balance. They should also be comfortable working at heights.
Find out more about training
- 0800 88 21 21 - firstname.lastname@example.org - www.mito.org.nz
What are the chances of getting a job?
Your chances of securing full-time work as a stevedore are best if you work as a part-time casual employee to gain the required skills, and are enthusiastic and reliable.
Most stevedoring work is part time
Most stevedoring work is part time and staff turnover in full-time positions is very low.
There is more part-time work when ports are busier during fishing seasons and when imports arrive from overseas.
Qualifications key to full-time work
Stevedore employers will only take on permanent staff who have the New Zealand Certificate in Port Operations – Heavy Machine Operation (Level 3).
Full-time job opportunities for stevedores have declined due to:
- variable shipping schedules, so more casual labour is used
- automation and the introduction of mechanical loading and unloading equipment.
According to MITO, 5,635 people were employed in the stevedoring and ports industry in 2017.
Most stevedores work for private shipping companies
Stevedores mainly work for private stevedoring companies, who contract them out to New Zealand's port companies.
- Harvey, A, chairperson, Port Industry Association Education and Training Committee, Careers Directorate - Tertiary Education Commission interview, February 2018.
- MITO, 'Port Operations (Heavy Machine Operation) factsheet', accessed February 2018, (www.mito.org.nz).
- MITO, 'Stevedoring and Ports 2017', accessed February 2018, (www.mito.org.nz).
- Rowe, S, recruitment consultant, ISO Limited, Careers Directorate –Tertiary Education Commission interview, February 2018.
Progression and specialisations
Stevedores may progress by moving into supervisory, management, or planning and logistics roles.
Stevedores may specialise in operating:
- straddle carriers
Last updated 1 March 2018