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Ngaio Ōhanga

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Economists analyse financial, labour and trade markets, and predict or explain economic events.


Economists can earn

$80K-$125K per year

Source: Hays and Seek, 2023

Job opportunities

Chances of getting a job as an economist are poor for those wanting to enter the role, and average for those with experience.


Pay for economists varies depending on experience, location, and the type of organisation they work for.

  • Economists can earn $80,000 to $125,000 a year. 

Pay for self-employed economists varies depending on the amount of work they get.

Economists in the private sector usually earn more than those in the public sector, and often earn bonuses and other benefits in addition to their salary.

Source: research; Hays, '2023 -24 Salary Guide', 2023; and Seek, 2023

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)

What you will do

Economists may do some or all of the following, depending on their area of specialisation:

  • collect, study and analyse information on the economy or a specific part of the economy
  • make predictions on the economy or parts of the economy based on their research
  • develop economic policies and plans
  • use computer software to predict economic behaviour
  • study and explain economic events
  • advise the Government and businesses
  • write reports and give presentations.

Skills and knowledge

Economists need to have knowledge of:

  • economic methods and theories
  • economic ideas and trends
  • project management
  • maths, including statistics, for using methodologies to think about the world and specific issues.

Working conditions


  • usually work regular business hours, but sometimes have to work overtime to meet project deadlines
  • work in offices 
  • may travel locally and around New Zealand to make presentations. They may also travel overseas to attend conferences or do contract work.

What's the job really like?

Jason Leung-Wai

Jason Leung-Wai

Senior Consultant

Travel a part of the job

Economist Jason Leung-Wai's job takes him all around New Zealand. When Chatham Islanders wanted to make a case for funding support from the Government, they asked Jason's firm to help.

"We really tried to understand their economy, their issues and aspirations. We developed some growth scenario models with them, showing how they could actually be a positive contributor to the New Zealand economy," Jason says.

Learning to balance cultural and workplace expectations

As a Pacific Islander, Jason has had to learn to balance cultural expectations with workplace ones. A major cultural expectation for him was fa’aaloalo [respect], which is largely driven by age and position rather than experience or knowledge, he says.

"Generally you tend to defer to older people or people in a higher position. I think it may have influenced how I operated early on, although now I am through to the other side."

Now, when diversity in a workplace is encouraged, having a different cultural perspective is quite beneficial, Jason says.

Advice for young Samoans

Young Samoans need to be aware of how their actions are being perceived by their peers and adapt to suit the situation, he says. However, they also need to maintain their cultural integrity and awareness. "Having that cultural integrity and awareness and applying it in your day-to-day life is actually a positive thing."

Jason Leung-Wai is of Samoan, Chinese and European descent.

Entry requirements

There are no specific requirements to become an economist. However, a Bachelor's degree in economics or maths may be useful, and a Master's degree in economics is preferred.

Secondary education

NCEA Level 3 is required to enter tertiary training. Useful subjects include English, economics, social studies, and maths.

Personal requirements

Economists need to be:

  • accurate and organised
  • able to work well under pressure
  • able to keep information private
  • good at analysing and interpreting figures
  • excellent at communicating
  • excellent at problem-solving
  • able to write reports
  • able to present information.

If you enjoy people and you enjoy coming up with solutions to address real-world issues, then that makes this job a lot easier.

Photo: Jason Leung-Wai

Jason Leung-Wai

Senior Consultant

Useful experience

Useful experience for economists includes:

  • work as a data analyst
  • public speaking.
Check out related courses

What are the chances of getting a job?

Jobs for economists limited

Economists tend to stay in the job for a long time, so vacancies are rare.

According to the Census, 546 economists worked in New Zealand in 2018.

Chances strongest for economists with experience

Opportunities are best for economists who have:

  • five or more years' experience
  • proven analytical, research and communication skills.

You can increase your chances of finding work as an economist by working several years as a data analyst for local government or a private company.

Types of employers varied

Economists work for:

  • businesses such as economic consultancies, and finance or accountancy companies
  • government departments
  • local and regional councils
  • universities
  • banks.

Many economists are self-employed, but to do this you usually need 10 or more years' experience and a good reputation.


  • Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, '2006-2014 Occupation Data' (prepared for Careers Directorate – Tertiary Education Commission), 2015.
  • Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, 'Occupation Outlook 2018', 2018.
  • State Services Commission, 'Public Service Workforce Data', 2017, (
  • Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.
  • Stokes, F, Business and Economic Research Ltd (BERL), Careers Directorate – Tertiary Education Commission interview, March 2018.

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)

Progression and specialisations

Economists may progress to work as academics, business managers or economic strategists.

Economists may specialise in researching a particular area, such as:

  • health
  • infrastructure
  • regional economies
  • labour markets.
A woman studying graphs on a computer

Economists analyse and explain economic events

Last updated 11 December 2023