Civil engineers plan, organise and oversee the building and maintenance of structures such as dams, bridges, sewerage systems and roads.
New civil engineers usually earn
$60K-$70K per year
Senior civil engineers usually earn
$120K-$180K per year
Source: ENGEO, Hays and Seek, 2019.
Pay for civil engineers varies depending on skills and experience.
- Graduate civil engineers usually earn $60,000 to $70,000 a year.
- Mid-level civil engineers can earn between $75,000 and $115,000.
- Civil engineers in senior or managerial positions can earn between $120,000 and $180,000.
Civil engineers may also get bonuses and other benefits such as a company car.
Sources: Careers.govt.nz research, 2019; Hays, 'FY 19/20 Hays Salary Guide', 2019; ENGEO, 2019; and Seek, 2019.
- Hays website - salary guide
- PAYE.net.nz website - use this calculator to convert pay and salary information
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)
What you will do
Civil engineers may do some or all of the following:
- consult with clients, government officials, contractors and other professionals on the requirements of each project
- decide if proposed construction and development sites are suitable
- plan and design structures such as roads, drainage systems, buildings, dams or wharves
- work out whether structures will be able to withstand the loads that will be placed on them by people, weather and other natural forces
- prepare reports, working drawings and specifications
- prepare cost estimates and evaluate the cost efficiency of projects
- assess environmental impacts of proposed developments
- get plans approved by relevant authorities and get building permits
- supervise construction to ensure structures are built correctly.
Skills and knowledge
Civil engineers need to have knowledge of:
- civil engineering and surveying methods
- relevant legislation such as the Resource Management Act, the New Zealand Building Code, by-laws and town planning regulations
- building materials, and how they work.
- usually work regular business hours, but may also work evenings and weekends
- work in offices, and at outdoor work sites
- may travel locally.
What's the job really like?
Civil engineering productive and positive
"This job has worthy goals, and I like that," says geotechnical engineer Alan Wightman.
"At a basic level, I do something productive and positive – designing ways to improve things, helping find a good answer to somebody’s problem.” For example, if a client comes to Alan wanting to build on a steep site, he can advise if it can be done, and how.
Engineers are thinkers who can communicate
Alan says the best geotechnical engineers are problem solvers with good knowledge and experience. "They are people who like dealing with numbers and maths, and can communicate complex ideas to clients in a clear way."
Alan says he always makes sure his clients fully understand his advice. "Sometimes there is more than one solution to an issue. Option one might be cheaper but not perfect. Option two might cost more, but be more likely to solve the issue.
"Clients really appreciate it when you talk them through the problem and they get a solution they are happy with."
To become a civil engineer you need to have a Bachelor of Engineering with Honours.
NCEA Level 3 is required to enter tertiary training. Useful subjects include maths, English, chemistry, physics, digital technologies, and construction and mechanical technologies.
Civil engineers need to be:
- skilled at accurately analysing and interpreting information
- practical and logical, with good problem-solving skills
- good at communicating
- good at planning and organising
- creative and innovative, with good design skills
- able to work independently and in a team.
This is a good job for people who like numbers and can communicate complex ideas in a clear way.
Useful experience for civil engineers includes:
- building, construction, roading or agriculture work
- environmental, draughting or surveying work
- practical work such as site investigations or geotechnical testing.
Civil engineers need to be reasonably fit as they may have to walk long distances to work sites, and carry equipment.
Professional engineers who have five to eight years of experience can apply to Engineering New Zealand to become a chartered professional engineer (CPEng).
Find out more about training
- Association of Consulting Engineers of NZ (ACENZ)
- (04) 472 1202 - firstname.lastname@example.org - www.acenz.org.nz
- 0800 486 626 - www.connexis.org.nz
- Engineering New Zealand
- (04) 473 9444 - email@example.com - www.engineeringnz.org
- New Zealand Institute of Highway Technology (NZIHT)
- (06) 759 7065 - firstname.lastname@example.org - www.nziht.co.nz/
What are the chances of getting a job?
Shortage of civil engineers
Opportunities for civil engineers are good due to a shortage of workers, and high demand for their services.
Civil engineer, environmental engineer, geotechnical engineer, and structural engineer appear on Immigration New Zealand’s long-term skill shortage list. Civil engineer and structural engineer also appear on Immigration New Zealand’s construction and infrastructure skill shortage list. This means the Government is actively encouraging skilled engineers from overseas to work in New Zealand.
According to the Census, 8,430 civil engineers worked in New Zealand in 2018.
Range of factors contribute to demand for civil engineers
Demand for civil engineers is expected to remain strong due to:
- increased government investment in infrastructure such as roads, water collection, wastewater management and public buildings
- new environmental standards, which mean many local authorities have to upgrade their water infrastructure
- New Zealand's growing population, which means greater demand for new housing and new power-generating equipment and stations
- the Canterbury earthquakes, which damaged many structures such as roads, bridges and buildings.
Types of employers varied
Civil engineers may work for:
- private engineering consultancies
- regional and local government authorities
- government agencies such as the New Zealand Transport Agency
- construction firms and property developers
- infrastructure and utility companies such as railway and electricity companies.
- Adriaansen, R, recruitment consultant, RobLawMax Recruitment, careers.govt.nz interview, July 2019.
- Engineering e2e website, accessed July 2019 (www.engineeringe2e.org.nz).
- Engineering New Zealand website, accessed July 2019, (www.engineeringnz.org).
- Hays, 'Construction, Architecture and Engineering Salary Insights', accessed July 2019, (www.hays.net.nz).
- Immigration New Zealand, 'Civil Engineer Jobs in New Zealand', accessed July 2019, (www.newzealandnow.govt.nz).
- Immigration New Zealand, 'Construction and Infrastructure Skill Shortage List', 27 May 2019, (www.immigration.govt.nz).
- Immigration New Zealand, 'Long Term Skill Shortage List', 27 May 2019, (www.immigration.govt.nz).
- Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)
Progression and specialisations
Civil engineers may progress to work as contractors, or focus on work such as:
- project management
- construction management
- health and safety.
Civil engineers may also specialise in an area of civil engineering such as:
- Coastal Engineer
- Coastal engineers are involved in protection and erosion work along coasts and rivers. They design coastal structures such as sea walls, marinas and ports, and assess their environmental effects
- Earthquake/Seismic Engineer
- Earthquake/seismic engineers make structures, such as buildings and bridges, more resistant to earthquake damage.
- Environmental Engineer
- Environmental engineers assess the impact of engineering projects on water, soil, air and noise levels, and create ways to minimise this impact. They also plan and design systems to treat and remove waste.
- Fire Engineer
- Fire engineers advise people on how to apply fire safety features to buildings so that they meet the New Zealand Building Code. They also design features to help keep people and property safe in the event of a fire.
- Geotechnical Engineer
- Geotechnical engineers design the foundations of large structures, such as dams, tunnels, retaining walls or jetties, and assess how the soil and rock they are built on may affect them.
- Quantity Surveyor
- Quantity surveyors manage construction project finances. They calculate a budget based on their clients' requirements, and prepare detailed estimates to ensure the budget is sufficient for each stage of construction as the project develops.
- Structural Engineer
- Structural engineers analyse, design and manage the construction of a range of load-bearing structures such as houses, commercial buildings, sports stadiums, and bridges.
- Transport Engineer
- Transport engineers design, plan and supervise the building and repair of infrastructure such as roads, pavements, railways and tunnels. They may also research driver behaviour and transport safety and efficiency.
- Water Resources Engineer
- Water resources engineers design, organise and supervise the building and repair of structures such as dams, canals and irrigation systems. They also analyse natural waterflow systems such as streams, rivers and lakes, and work on urban drainage, flood and stormwater management projects.
Last updated 8 September 2020