Electricians test, install, maintain and repair electrical systems and equipment.
New electricians usually earn
$19-$23 per hour
Experienced electricians usually earn
$24-$45 per hour
Source: DNA Electrical, Fluid Recruitment, RobLawMax Recruitment, ETCO and Grid Skills, 2019.
Pay for electricians varies depending on skills, experience and the type of work they do.
- Apprentice electricians may start on the minimum training wage.
- After completing an apprenticeship, electricians usually earn $24 to $33 an hour.
- Experienced electricians who may manage a small team usually earn $34 to $45 an hour.
Electricians may get work vehicles, and national grid maintenance workers can earn allowances for working after hours and on public holidays.
Sources: careers.govt.nz research, 2020; DNA Electrical, 2019; Fluid Recruitment, 2019; RobLawMax Recruitment, 2019; The Electrical Training Company (ETCO), 'Earn While You Learn', 2019; and Grid Skills (Transpower), 2019.
- PAYE.net.nz website - use this calculator to convert pay and salary information
- Employment New Zealand website - information about minimum wage rates
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)
What you will do
Electricians may do some or all of the following:
- interpret electrical information on diagrams and plans
- check for errors in diagrams and plans
- install electrical wiring and equipment
- repair and replace electrical wiring, parts and equipment
- safety-test work
- keep records of problems they find, and the work they do
- prepare job and other quotes, or provide information for quotes.
Skills and knowledge
Electricians need to have knowledge of:
- electrical theory, laws, codes, and standards of practice
- how to install electrical wiring and fixtures
- how to draw wiring diagrams and floor plans
- basic maths and physics
- safety procedures and first aid.
Self-employed electricians must also have business skills.
- usually work regular business hours, but may work weekends, public holidays, or be on call
- may work at construction sites or in buildings, power generation stations or substations
- may work at heights and in enclosed, noisy, dirty, dusty, or hazardous conditions
- travel to local worksites.
What's the job really like?
From stonemasonry to electricity
Sainila Tagi knew it was time for a career change when his body started hurting.
"I was working with dad in his stonemasonry business, but my body got sore and it wasn’t for me," says Sainila.
So he did two pre-trade certificates, found he liked electrical work, and now has 18 months to go on an electrician’s apprenticeship.
"Just learning about these formulae and how electricity functions – I find it very interesting.
"I locked my mind on the electrical field and knew that was what I wanted to do."
Get stuck in if you want to be an electrician
"If somebody was thinking about a career in electrical, I would tell them to do it," says Sainila.
"It's fun and interesting and you learn heaps. Get stuck in and work hard and you will enjoy it as much as I do, if not more."
To become an electrician you need to complete a New Zealand Certificate in Electrical Engineering Theory (Level 3) and gain an apprenticeship. The Skills Organisation oversees electrical apprenticeships.
You also need to be registered with the Electrical Workers Registration Board.
Most employers also prefer you to:
- have a driver's licence
- have access to a car, to get to worksites
- pass a drug test.
High-voltage power training
Grid Skills (part of Transpower) trains people to work with high-voltage power – for example, in substations.
This training takes up to two years and can be done by apprentices or qualified electricians.
A minimum of 14 numeracy credits and 10 literacy credits at NCEA Level 1 are usually required to enter an apprenticeship.
For Year 11 to 13 learners, trades academies and the STAR and Gateway programmes are good ways to gain relevant experience and skills.
These programmes may help you gain an apprenticeship, but do not reduce the amount of time it takes to complete it.
You can also participate in Bright Sparks, which organises competitions, support and NCEA-approved training for students who are interested in electronics and robotics.
- Skills website - information on the Gateway programme and other options for school students
- Skills Bright Sparks website - join the Bright Sparks Club
- Start tertiary or workplace learning while at school
Electricians need to be:
- accurate and methodical
- practical and logical
- good communicators
- able to work well alone or in a team
- good at problem solving.
Useful experience for electricians includes construction or engineering work.
Electricians need to:
- have normal colour vision, as they need to identify different-coloured cables
- be reasonably fit, healthy and strong, as the work involves climbing and lifting
- be comfortable working in confined spaces and at heights, as they may need to crawl through tight spaces under buildings and above ceilings.
Electricians need to be registered with the Electrical Workers Registration Board, unless they:
- are going to work under the supervision of somebody else who is registered
- need extra work experience while they are training, in which case they need a Limited Certificate.
Electricians need to complete a competency programme every two years to refresh their knowledge and renew their licence.
Find out more about training
- 0800 187 878 - firstname.lastname@example.org - www.att.org.nz
- The Electrical Training Company (ETCO)
- 0800 275 3826 - email@example.com - www.etco.co.nz
- 0508 754 557 - firstname.lastname@example.org - www.skills.org.nz
What are the chances of getting a job?
Construction boom and staff shortage drive demand for electricians
High demand for qualified electricians is expected to continue due to:
- an increase in residential and commercial building projects, especially in wealthy areas with high population growth
- an ageing workforce
- the low number of school leavers entering electrical trade apprenticeships
- the need for electricians who know how to work with new technologies.
According to the Census, 30,000 electrical workers were employed in New Zealand in 2018.
Electrician on skill shortage list
Electrician appears on Immigration New Zealand's long-term skill shortage list. This means the Government is actively encouraging skilled electricians from overseas to work in New Zealand.
Types of employers varied
Electricians may work for:
- power-generation companies
- Transpower on the high-voltage national grid.
They may also be self-employed and work for contracting businesses, or run their own business.
- Ainsworth, A, technical specialist, Grid Skills (Transpower), careers.govt.nz interview, September 2019.
- Electrical Workers Registration Board website, accessed August 2019, (www.ewrb.govt.nz).
- Flatman, M, candidate consultant, Allied Work Force, careers.govt.nz interview, August 2019.
- Immigration New Zealand, 'Long-term Skill Shortage List', 27 May 2019, (www.immigration.govt.nz).
- Miller, J, project business analyst, Skills, careers.govt.nz interview, August 2019.
- Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, 'Future Demand for Construction Workers', July 2017, (www.mbie.govt.nz).
- Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, 'National Construction Pipeline Report', July 2018, (www.mbie.govt.nz).
- Skills website, accessed August 2019, (www.skills.org.nz).
- Sole, J, chief executive offer, The Electrical Training Company, careers.govt.nz interview, August 2019.
- Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)
Progression and specialisations
Electricians may progress to become:
- project managers
- consultants at building construction companies or engineering firms
- site supervisors.
With further training they may also progress to become:
- electrical inspectors
- electrical engineering technicians
- electrical engineers.
- Project manager job information
- Electrical engineering technician job information
- Electrical engineer job information
Electricians may specialise in:
- low-voltage electrical work on houses, and commercial or industrial buildings
- high-voltage electrical work (over 1000 volts) on power stations, substations and other sites.
Last updated 18 October 2020