Jobs in skill shortage

Skill shortages happen when employers find it hard to get staff with the right skills for the job. Knowing which jobs are in skill shortage can help you choose the best job option or decide what subjects to study. 

Reasons for skill shortages

Skill shortages can happen because:

  • there aren't enough workers with the right skills available
  • turnover is high because workers are unhappy with pay or working conditions 
  • there is a general labour shortage, such as during low unemployment.

Skill shortages can change due to:

  • changes in technology or the economy
  • skilled workers moving to another country
  • an ageing workforce.

Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage lists 

When jobs appear on Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage lists, this means the Government is actively encouraging skilled workers from overseas to work in that role in New Zealand.

Find out what jobs are currently on Immigration New Zealand's long-term, regional, and construction and infrastructure skill shortage lists within the following industries.

Jobs in IT and Telecommunications

Information Technology

Business analysts design or recommend solutions, such as computers or computer programs, to help organisations meet their goals.

Data analysts identify and communicate trends in data using statistics and specialised software to help organisations achieve their business aims.

Game developers write, design, program, animate and test games for computers, gaming consoles, tablets and mobile phones.

Information technology (IT) architects analyse an organisation's IT needs, recommend solutions and oversee their delivery and implementation.

Information technology (IT) helpdesk/support technicians set up computer and other IT equipment and help prevent, identify and fix problems with IT hardware and software.  

Information technology (IT) managers plan and supervise computer and information technology services for organisations or technical teams.

Network administrators design, install and maintain computer hardware and software networks, from one-building LANs (local area networks) to worldwide WANs (wide area networks).

Penetration testers discover and report on information technology (IT) security weaknesses such as those in computer systems and databases. 

Security analysts create and monitor security processes and frameworks to protect an organisation's information systems and computer networks from being illegally accessed.

Security consultants identify security weakness in information technology (IT), advise organisations on IT security, and design IT security systems.

Software developers develop and maintain computer software, websites and software applications (apps).

Systems administrators develop, maintain and administer computer operating systems, database management systems, and security policies and procedures.

Test analysts design and carry out testing processes for new and upgraded computer software and systems, analyse the results, and identify and report problems. 


Line mechanics install, repair and maintain overhead and underground power lines.

Telecommunications engineers design, test and build telecommunications networks and systems.

Telecommunications technicians install, maintain and repair electronic communications equipment in telecommunications networks and internet supply systems.