Bakers prepare, bake and decorate bread, rolls, pastries, desserts, cakes and slices.
Unqualified bakers usually earn
$39K-$40K per year
Qualified bakers usually earn
$40K-$67K per year
Source: BIANZ and Competenz, 2018
Pay for bakers varies according to experience.
- Unqualified bakers usually earn between minimum wage and $40,000 a year.
- Qualified bakers usually earn between $40,000 and $45,000.
- Bakers working in supervisory roles can earn up to $67,000.
Sources: Baking Industry Association of NZ and Competenz, 2018.
- PAYE.net.nz website - use this calculator to convert pay and salary information
- Employment New Zealand website - information about minimum wage rates
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)
What you will do
Bakers may do some or all of the following:
- follow recipes and change ingredients when needed
- measure and mix ingredients
- knead, roll and shape the dough or pastry for baking, either manually or using a machine
- bake items in an oven
- prepare items for sale, including icing items or decorating cakes
- prepare customer orders and serve customers.
Skills and knowledge
Bakers need to have:
- knowledge of bakery products and ingredients
- knowledge of baking and decorating processes
- knowledge of food hygiene, health and safety regulations
- ability to follow recipes
- ability to handle machinery and equipment.
Self-employed bakers also need small business skills.
- usually do shift work, including early mornings, evenings, and weekends
- work in kitchens at places such as bakeries, cake shops, supermarkets, hotels and restaurants
- usually work in hot and noisy environments, and have to meet strict deadlines.
What's the job really like?
Bree Scott talks about life as a baker - 2.26 mins. (Video courtesy of Competenz)
I'm from the Lyttleton bakery in Christchurch and absolutely love my trade.
I got into baking because of my dad. He's been baking pretty much ever since I was born.
When I finished school I wasn't quite sure what I wanted to do and because baking is of such a second nature to me I thought why not give this a go, and I'm so glad that I did because I absolutely love it.
So I studied a baking apprenticeship and it took three years. I'd go there twice every year and I’d do courses with the other student apprentices, and I’d do correspondence and on-the-job work here at the bakery to complete my trade.
I chose baking because it's a love that I've always had and I thought it would be silly to do something else, and ever since I've been doing my baking it's just grown with passion.
Even though I start at four o'clock in the morning every day, when I wake up in the morning it doesn't bother me because I'm coming to work to do something that I love, not a job, so four o'clock - not a problem.
When I finished my apprenticeship, when I qualified I was able to enter in the Young Bread Baker of the Year. I took out the title and from that opportunity I managed to meet and network with other people and from those networking skills I've gone overseas, and it means I have a ticket to go anywhere I want, and also I've managed start a cake business from finishing my apprenticeship.
And it's just amazing - it's just taken me everywhere I wanted to go so it's fantastic.
I think the baking apprenticeship would suit someone who is passionate about baking. It's like anything, you've got to love what you want to do, so if you have a passion for baking or you enjoy baking I think it would be perfect for anybody who'd like to do that.
Competenz have been fantastic. They've always been there backing me, supporting me. There's been people coming out helping me when I had any questions with on-the-job training. Your learning and your skills grow and you get more confident, you also get to meet other people as well. With an apprenticeship you're earning to learn and you also know that when you're finished you're gonna have a job at the end of it, so it's kind of all in one really.
For me if I could sum up my apprenticeship in one word it would just be ‘fantastic’.
For the last year and a half all I've wanted to do is make cakes and set up a cake business, and from my passion, my goals and pushing myself, I finished to get there today.
Everything starts with a dream.
There are no specific requirements to become a baker. However, a certificate in baking is useful. Examples of certificates include:
- New Zealand Certificate in Baking – Generalist (Level 4)
- New Zealand Certificate in Trade Baking – Craft (Level 4)
- New Zealand Certificate in Trade Baking – Plant (Level 4)
- Superior Patisserie Certificate (Level 4).
You can complete an apprenticeship and gain a New Zealand Certificate in Trade Baking (Level 4) through Competenz.
A minimum of three years' secondary education is recommended. Useful subjects include home economics (food and nutrition), maths and processing technologies.
For Year 11 to 13 learners, trades academies and the STAR and Gateway programmes are good ways to gain relevant experience and skills.
These programmes may help you gain an apprenticeship, but do not reduce the amount of time it takes to complete it.
Bakers need to be:
- careful and accurate, with an eye for detail
- practical and efficient with good organisational skills
- able to work quickly
- able to work well under pressure
- able to follow instructions
- able to work as part of a team
- able to do basic maths.
Useful experience for bakers includes:
- work as a baker's assistant
- food-handling work
- customer service work.
Bakers need to be reasonably fit and healthy, with a high standard of personal cleanliness. They also need to have good hand-eye co-ordination.
Find out more about training
- Baking Industry Association of NZ (BIANZ)
- 0800 692 253 - firstname.lastname@example.org - www.bianz.co.nz
- 0800 526 1800 - email@example.com - www.competenz.org.nz
- NZ Baking Industry Research Trust (BIRT)
What are the chances of getting a job?
Not enough qualified bakers to fill vacancies
In 2017, baker job vacancies rose by 29%. Demand is strong for qualified or experienced bakers because:
- experienced bakers often go overseas to work
- not enough bakeries are taking on apprentices
- not enough people are completing baking training to replace those leaving the job
- people are often discouraged from doing the job, or do not stay in it long, due to the early starts.
Baker appears on Immigration New Zealand's regional skill shortage list. This means the Government is actively encouraging skilled bakers from overseas to work in New Zealand.
According to the Census, 5454 bakers worked in New Zealand in 2018.
Temporary baker jobs common during peak periods
Many bakeries take on temporary assistants during peak periods such as Christmas.
Working as an assistant is a good way to get a feel for the job, as well as providing useful contacts for getting into the industry.
Types of employers varied
Bakers may be employed by:
- specialised bakery stores
- bakery product manufacturers
- cafes and restaurants.
Many bakers are self-employed.
- Bake Info website, accessed March 2018, (www.bakeinfo.co.nz).
- Competenz website, accessed March 2018, (www.competenz.org.nz).
- Gilbert, K, president, Baking Industry Association of New Zealand, Careers Directorate – Tertiary Education Commission interview, March 2018.
- Immigration New Zealand, 'Regional Skill Shortage List', 27 May 2019, (www.immigration.govt.nz).
- Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, 'Annual Percentage Change in Advertised Job Vacancies, January 2017 to January 2018 Quarters', 21 February 2018, (www.mbie.govt.nz).
- Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.
- Theunissen, M, 'Risk of Bread Shortage as Chance of Bakers' Strike Rises', 1 February 2018, (www.nzherald.co.nz).
(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)
Progression and specialisations
Bakers may progress to supervisors or head bakers, or set up their own business.
With further training, bakers may become:
- bakery tutors
- food stylists
- test bakery technicians
- food technologists and laboratory technicians
- food writers
- recipe and product developers
- production managers
- specialist technical advisers
- quality assurance managers.
- Private teacher/tutor job information
- Food technologist job information
- Science technician job information
- Journalist job information
- Production manager job information
Bakers may specialise in:
- artisan breads
- factory production
- cake design and decoration
Last updated 18 September 2020